Information about the herb Sage

Salvia officinalis , also known as Broad-leaved White Sage is part of the Salvia officinalis plant family. Sage is an evergreen perennial originally growing from Spain along the Mediterranean coast up to and including the east side of the Atlantic, Croatia and Southern Europe.

Botanical NameSalvia officinalis

Plant Family: Salvia

Common name: Broad-leaved White Sage, Common Sage, Garden Sage, Narrow-leaved White Sage, Red Sage, Salbei, Salvia salvatrix

History: Sage is named from the Latin salvare, ‘to save’. This name was then corrupted to Sauija and Sauge (Fench) and Sawge (Old English)

A beautiful legend about Sage is that when Mary was fleeing from Herod no other plant would give her shelter but Sage. Virgin Mary told the Sage plant: ‘From now to eternity you will be the favorite flower of mankind. I give you the power to heal man of all illness and save him from death as you have done for me.’

The Romans used Sage in their baths to ease :

  • aching muscles
  • sore, tired feet

The American Native Indian used Sage in Sweat Lodge ceremonies. This was called ‘smudging’

A 13th century verse states: ‘Why should a man die, whilst Sage grows in his garden?’

Tradition: Sage was

  • a panacea for immortality
  • burned at the altar or in a sacred space to consecrates the area
  • burned in the home to remove impurities, banish evil, and to provide protection
  • used for bringing prosperity
  • used in healing amulets, incenses, and sachets

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Plant Constituents of Sage


  • estrogen
  • phenolic acids
  • flavenoids
  • resin
  • saponins
  • silica
  • tannins
  • thujone
  • volatile Oil


  • antibacterial [an agent that destroys bacteria; bactericide]
  • antihydrotic [an agent that reduces or suppresses perspiration]
  • antiseptic [an agent for inhibiting the growth of microorganism on living tissue or destroying pathogenic or putrefactive bacteria]
  • antispasmodic [an agent that relieves or checks spasms or cramps]
  • antiviral [an agent that destroys viruses]
  • aphrodisiac [an agent for arousing or increasing sexual desire or potency]
  • astringent [an agent that contracts organic tissue, reducing secretions or discharges]
  • carminative [an agent for easing griping pains, colic and expelling gas from the intestines]
  • stimulant [an agent that excites or quickens the functional activity of the tissues giving more energy]
  • styptic [an agent that contracts tissues; astringent; specifically, a hemostatic agent that stops bleeding by contracting the blood vessels]
  • tonic [an agent that tones, strengthens and invigorates organs or the entire organism giving a feeling of well-being]   

Usage of Sage

Medicinal Parts Used: Leaves, whole herb

Sage is used for:

Bacterial and Viral Conditions

  • retro viruses, e.g. Herpes, HIV, etc.
  • staphylococcus infections

Brain and Nervous System Conditions

  • aids the memory
  • cramps
  • delerium associated with fevers
  • depression
  • disorders of the spinal cord
  • eases mental exhaustion
  • headaches (combined with Peppermint, Rosemary, and Wood Betony)   
  • nervous conditions
  • nervous excitement, associated with brain or nerve diseases
  • paralysis
  • strengthens the powers of concentration
  • trembling of limbs
  • vertigo
  • weak nerves

Cardiovascular Conditions

  • prevention of strokes

Female Conditions

  • amenorrhea (irregular menstruation)
  • decreasing milk flow in lactating women during weaning
  • dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation)
  • hemorrhage from the lungs or stomach
  • leucorrhoea
  • night sweats and hot flushes during menopause, combined with Horsetail and Valerian
  • regulates the menstrual cycle
  • reduces perspiration (because of its estrogenic properties)
  • tonic after childbirth

Gastrointestinal Conditions

  • abdominal troubles
  • all stomach troubles
  • diarrhea
  • eliminates mucous congestion in the stomach
  • enteritis
  • flatulence (gas)
  • gastritis
  • increases the appetite
  • rectifies intestinal troubles
  • stimulates the digestive system
  • weak stomach

Genitourinary Conditions

  • kidney troubles

Glandular Conditions

  • glandular disorders

Liver Conditions

  • biliousness
  • liver complaints

Respiratory Tract Conditions

  • colds
  • dispels phlegm from the respiratory organs and stomach
  • eliminates mucous congestion in the respiratory passages and stomach
  • influenza

Sage is a good gargle for:

  • laryngitis
  • sore throat
  • tonsillitis
  • ulcerated throat

Chewing the fresh leaves soothes:

  • sore throats
  • mouth sores


  • a deodorant

Sage is a good gargle for:

  • inflammation of tooth pulp
  • loose and bleeding teeth  
  • preventing excessive flow of saliva
  • ulcerated or receding gums
  • ulcerated gums and mouth

Externally: In a lotion, salve or wash, Sage is useful:

  • as a hair rinse to remove dandruff 
  • for insect bites
  • for itchy skin
  • for skin eruptions
  • for treating sores
  • to stop bleeding in all cuts

Other Uses:

  • condiment added to meat (breaks down the fat in meat)
  • cosmetics
  • hair dye
  • tooth powder


Recommended dosage is as follows:

  • 15-30mL per week of 1:2 fluid extract

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  • Avoid during pregnancy as it may have a stimulating effect on the muscle of the womb
  • Extended or excessive use of Sage can cause symptoms of poisoning


  • Sage Oil is a violent epileptiform convulsant


Global Herbal Supplies has Sage available in the following forms:

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