Information about the herb Paeonia lactiflora

Paeonia lactiflora, also known as White Peony is part of the Ranunculaceae plant family. Native of Siberia and Northern Asia.

General Information

Botanical Name: Paeonia lactiflora

Plant Family: Ranunculaceae

Common name: Bai Shao (Mandarin), Paeony, White Peony

History: The genus is supposed to be named after the physician Paeos who cured Pluto and other gods of wounds received during the Trojan War.

Tradition: Used in traditional Chinese medicine

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Plant Constituents of Paeonia


  • paeoniflorin (monoterpene glycoside)
  • benzoylpaeoniflorin
  • albiflorin
  • oxypaeoniflorin
  • pentagalloylglucose
  • paeonilactones A, B and C


  • anti-allergic [helps with allergies]
  • anticonvulsant [helps with convulsions]
  • anti-inflammatory [an agent to ease inflammation]
  • antispasmodic [an agent which relieves or eases muscular spasms, cramps or convulsions]
  • bitter [applied to bitter tasting drugs which act on the mucous membranes of the mouth and stomach to increase appetite and promote digestion]
  • cognition enhancer
  • immune enhancing
  • skeletal muscle relaxant
  • slightly cold
  • sour

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Usage of Paeonia

Medicinal Parts Used: Root

Paeonia lactiflora is used in:

Blood Conditions

  • nourishes the blood

Brain and Nervous System Conditions

  • assists memory
  • epilepsy (often combined with Licorice)
  • smooth muscle spasm in migraine headaches

Cardiovascular Conditions

  • smooth muscle spasm in angina

Female Conditions

  • dysmenhorrea
  • menstrual dysfunction
  • leukorrhea
  • polycystic ovary syndrome (often combined with Dong Quai or Licorice)
  • smooth muscle spasm in dysmenhorrea

Gastrointestinal Conditions

  • dysentery

Muscular Conditions

  • muscle cramping

Other Conditions

  • blurred vision
  • dizziness
  • spontaneous sweating


  • 2-6g/day dried root
  • 4-12mL/day of 1:2 fluid extract

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Drug Interactions:

Do not use Paeonia lactiflora without first talking to your practitioner or healthcare provider if you are taking any of the following medications:

  • None indicated


Global Herbal Supplies has Paeonia lactiflora available in the following forms:

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