Information about the Herb Rosehip

Rosa canina , also known as Dog Rose is part of the Rosaceae plant family. Rosehip is indigenous to Great Britain.

Roses are a group of herbaceous shrubs found in temperate regions throughout both hemispheres. There are over 100 species of Rose.  

Rosa Canina is used especially for its Rosehips.

Botanical Name:  Rosa canina

Plant Family: Rosaceae 

Common Names: Dog Rose, Haggebutt, Wild Rose

History: The word ‘hips’ comes from the Anglo-Saxon word hiope and ‘Dog Rose’ comes from dag meaning ‘dagger’.

Tradition: Rosehips are:

  • strung like beads and worn to attract love

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Plant Constituents of Rosehip

Contains:

  • calcium
  • citrates
  • citric acid
  • iron
  • malates
  • malic acid
  • niacin
  • organic acids
  • pectin
  • phosphorus
  • resin
  • salts
  • sugar
  • tannin
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin B1
  • Vitamin B2
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin E
  • Vitamin K
  • Vitamin P
  • wax

Action:

  • aperient [a mild stimulant producing a natural movement of the bowels; a gentle purgative]
  • astringent [a binding agent that contracts organic tissue, reducing secretions or discharges of mucous and fluid from the body]
  • diuretic [an agent that increases the volume and flow of urine which cleanses the urinary system]
  • laxative (mild) [an agent promoting evacuation of the bowels; a mild purgative]
  • pectoral [remedy for pulmonary or other lung and chest diseases]
  • nutrient [gives nourishment]
  • refrigerant [an agent that lowers abnormal body heat, relieves thirst and gives a feeling of coolness]
  • tonic [an agent that tones, strengthens and invigorates organs or the entire organism giving a feeling of well-being]

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Usage of Rosehip

Rose hips are used for:

Blood Conditions

  • blood purifier
  • conditions where blood is being brought up via the lungs
  • internal hemorrhaging
  • spitting of blood

Female Conditions

  • disorders of the breast
  • excessive menstruation
  • uterine cramps

Gastrointestinal Conditions

  • diarrhea
  • dysentery
  • strengthens the stomach

Respiratory Conditions

  • chest infections
  • colds
  • coughs
  • influenza

Urinary Tract Conditions

  • cleans out the Kidneys and Bladder
  • eliminates uric acid accumulations, helping with gout and rheumatic complaints
  • fluid retention

Other

  • allays thirst
  • builds strength when convalescing
  • deficiency of Vitamin C in children
  • general debility and exhaustion

Externally

  • nourishes the skin

The common Red Rose is also used medicinally

The petals are used for: 

Bacterial Conditions

  • sharpness and heat of urine in gonorrhea

Blood Conditions

  • blood purifier (an infusion mixed with honey)

Brain and Nervous System Conditions

  • dizziness (an infusion )
  • headache (an infusion)

Cardiovascular Conditions

  • heart and nerve tonic (an infusion mixed with honey)

Respiratory Tract Conditions

colds
coughs
sore throat (Rose honey)

Other

  • invigorates the tired body (decoction mixed with wine)
  • mouth sores (decoction)
  • toothache (mouthwash from a decoction mixed with wine)

Female Conditions

  • menstrual complaints

Genitourinary Conditions

  • soreness of the bladder
  • uterine cramps (decoction mixed with wine)

Externally for:

  • chafed hands and lips (ointment)
  • sores of the mouth, ears and anus
  • ulcers (wash)

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Other species are also used medicinally especially those classified as Hybrid Perpetuals. The following varieties are the most commonly used:

Botanical Name: Rosa californica

Plant Family: Rosa, spp

Common name: Californian Rose

Origin: Grows in moist places from Oregon to Baja, California

History: The native American Indian used it for:

  • colds
  • muscular pains
  • West Coast Indians use it to make cold remedies

Tradition: Spanish Americans still eat the rosehips either raw or stewed

Medicinal Parts Used: Petals and rosehips


Botanical Name: Rosa centiofolia

Plant Family: Rosa, spp

Common name: Cabbage Rose, Hundred-leaved Rose

Origin: Found wild in eastern Caucasia and southern Europe

History: Cabbage Rose is the source of commercial Rose Water

Medicinal Parts Used: Petals

Action:

  • aperient [a mild stimulant producing a natural movement of the bowels; a gentle purgative]

It is used for:

  • hemorrhages

Externally Rose Water is used in ointments etc. for:

rough, dry or chafed skin


Botanical Name: Rosa damascena

Plant Family: Rosa, spp

Common name: Bulgarian Rose, Damask Rose, Moroccan Rose

Origin: Grows wild in the Balkans and Asia Minor

Medicinal Parts Used: Petals and rosehips

Action:

  • rejuvenant

Uses: Steam distillation of Damask Rose petals produces the very expensive ‘attar’ or ‘otto’ of roses, the Rose Oil and is used for: 

Brain and Nervous System Conditions

  • insomnia (inhaled)

Female Conditions

  • regulates the menstrual cycle

Other

  • as a rejuvenating agent

It is also used for:

  • a flavoring agent
  • perfumes

Botanical Name: Rosa egalanteria

Plant Family: Rosa, spp

Common name: Egalantine, Sweetbriar

Origin: Found wild in Asia, Europe and North America

Medicinal Parts Used: Petals and rosehips

Uses: In Iran it is used for

Gastrointestinal Conditions

  • diarrhea
  • relieves colic

Botanical Name: Rosa gallica

Plant Family: Rosa, spp

Common name: French Rose, Provence Rose

Origin: Found wild in southern Europe and West Asia

Medicinal Parts Used: Petals

Action:

  • astringent (mild) [a binding agent that contracts organic tissue, reducing secretions or discharges of mucous and fluid from the body]
  • tonic [an agent that tones, strengthens and invigorates organs or the entire organism giving a feeling of well-being]   

The infusion can be used as a:

  • eye wash 
  • vaginal douche

Other Uses:

  • high quality potpourris
  • high quality oils

Botanical Name: Rosa laevigata

Plant Family: Rosa, spp

Common name: Cherokee Rose

Origin: Found wild in China and Japan

Medicinal Parts Used: Petals and rosehips

Uses: In China it is used for

Male Conditions

  • problems with excessive or frequent involuntary release of semen

Botanical Name: Rosa roxburghii 

Plant Family: Rosa, spp

Common name: Roxburgh Rose

Medicinal Parts Used: Rosehips

Uses: In China the rosehips are used for

Gastrointestinal Conditions

  • dyspepsia

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Precautions

Drug Interactions:

Do not use Rosehips without first talking to your practitioner or healthcare provider if you are taking any of the following medications:

  • None indicated

Products

Global Herbal Supplies has Rosehips available in the following forms

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Research