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Information about the Herb Rosehip

Rosa canina , also known as Dog Rose is part of the Rosaceae plant family. Rosehip is indigenous to Great Britain.

Roses are a group of herbaceous shrubs found in temperate regions throughout both hemispheres. There are over 100 species of Rose.

Rosa Canina is used especially for its Rosehips.

Botanical Name: Rosa canina

Plant Family: Rosaceae

Common Names: Dog Rose, Haggebutt, Wild Rose

History: The word 'hips' comes from the Anglo-Saxon word hiope and 'Dog Rose' comes from dag meaning 'dagger'.

Tradition: Rosehips are:

  • strung like beads and worn to attract love

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Plant Constituents of Rosehip


  • calcium
  • citrates
  • citric acid
  • iron
  • malates
  • malic acid
  • niacin
  • organic acids
  • pectin
  • phosphorus
  • resin
  • salts
  • sugar
  • tannin
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin B1
  • Vitamin B2
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin E
  • Vitamin K
  • Vitamin P
  • wax


  • aperient [a mild stimulant producing a natural movement of the bowels; a gentle purgative]
  • astringent [a binding agent that contracts organic tissue, reducing secretions or discharges of mucous and fluid from the body]
  • diuretic [an agent that increases the volume and flow of urine which cleanses the urinary system]
  • laxative (mild) [an agent promoting evacuation of the bowels; a mild purgative]
  • pectoral [remedy for pulmonary or other lung and chest diseases]
  • nutrient [gives nourishment]
  • refrigerant [an agent that lowers abnormal body heat, relieves thirst and gives a feeling of coolness]
  • tonic [an agent that tones, strengthens and invigorates organs or the entire organism giving a feeling of well-being]

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Usage of Rosehip

Rose hips are used for:

Blood Conditions

  • blood purifier
  • conditions where blood is being brought up via the lungs
  • internal hemorrhaging
  • spitting of blood

Female Conditions

  • disorders of the breast
  • excessive menstruation
  • uterine cramps

Gastrointestinal Conditions

  • diarrhea
  • dysentery
  • strengthens the stomach

Respiratory Conditions

  • chest infections
  • colds
  • coughs
  • influenza

Urinary Tract Conditions

  • cleans out the Kidneys and Bladder
  • eliminates uric acid accumulations, helping with gout and rheumatic complaints
  • fluid retention


  • allays thirst
  • builds strength when convalescing
  • deficiency of Vitamin C in children
  • general debility and exhaustion


  • nourishes the skin

The common Red Rose is also used medicinally

The petals are used for:

Bacterial Conditions

  • sharpness and heat of urine in gonorrhea

Blood Conditions

  • blood purifier (an infusion mixed with honey)

Brain and Nervous System Conditions

  • dizziness (an infusion )
  • headache (an infusion)

Cardiovascular Conditions

  • heart and nerve tonic (an infusion mixed with honey)

Respiratory Tract Conditions

sore throat (Rose honey)


  • invigorates the tired body (decoction mixed with wine)
  • mouth sores (decoction)
  • toothache (mouthwash from a decoction mixed with wine)

Female Conditions

  • menstrual complaints

Genitourinary Conditions

  • soreness of the bladder
  • uterine cramps (decoction mixed with wine)

Externally for:

  • chafed hands and lips (ointment)
  • sores of the mouth, ears and anus
  • ulcers (wash)

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Other species are also used medicinally especially those classified as Hybrid Perpetuals. The following varieties are the most commonly used:

Botanical Name:Rosa californica

Plant Family:Rosa, spp

Common name:Californian Rose

Origin:Grows in moist places from Oregon to Baja, California

History: The native American Indian used it for:

  • colds
  • muscular pains
  • West Coast Indians use it to make cold remedies

Tradition: Spanish Americans still eat the rosehips either raw or stewed

Medicinal Parts Used:Petals and rosehips

Botanical Name:Rosa centiofolia

Plant Family:Rosa, spp

Common name:Cabbage Rose, Hundred-leaved Rose

Origin:Found wild in eastern Caucasia and southern Europe

History: Cabbage Rose is the source of commercial Rose Water

Medicinal Parts Used: Petals


  • aperient [a mild stimulant producing a natural movement of the bowels; a gentle purgative]

It is used for:

  • hemorrhages

Externally Rose Water is used in ointments etc. for:

rough, dry or chafed skin

Botanical Name:Rosa damascena

Plant Family:Rosa, spp

Common name:Bulgarian Rose, Damask Rose, Moroccan Rose

Origin:Grows wild in the Balkans and Asia Minor

Medicinal Parts Used:Petals and rosehips


  • rejuvenant

Uses: Steam distillation of Damask Rose petals produces the very expensive 'attar' or 'otto' of roses, the Rose Oil and is used for:

Brain and Nervous System Conditions

  • insomnia (inhaled)

Female Conditions

  • regulates the menstrual cycle


  • as a rejuvenating agent

It is also used for:

  • a flavoring agent
  • perfumes

Botanical Name:Rosa egalanteria

Plant Family:Rosa, spp

Common name:Egalantine, Sweetbriar

Origin: Found wild in Asia, Europe and North America

Medicinal Parts Used:Petals and rosehips

Uses: In Iran it is used for

Gastrointestinal Conditions

  • diarrhea
  • relieves colic

Botanical Name:Rosa gallica

Plant Family:Rosa, spp

Common name:French Rose, Provence Rose

Origin:Found wild in southern Europe and West Asia

Medicinal Parts Used:Petals


  • astringent (mild) [a binding agent that contracts organic tissue, reducing secretions or discharges of mucous and fluid from the body]
  • tonic [an agent that tones, strengthens and invigorates organs or the entire organism giving a feeling of well-being]

The infusion can be used as a:

  • eye wash
  • vaginal douche

Other Uses:

  • high quality potpourris
  • high quality oils

Botanical Name:Rosa laevigata

Plant Family:Rosa, spp

Common name:Cherokee Rose

Origin:Found wild in China and Japan

Medicinal Parts Used:Petals and rosehips

Uses: In China it is used for

Male Conditions

  • problems with excessive or frequent involuntary release of semen

Botanical Name:Rosa roxburghii

Plant Family:Rosa, spp

Common name:Roxburgh Rose

Medicinal Parts Used:Rosehips

Uses: In China the rosehips are used for

Gastrointestinal Conditions

  • dyspepsia

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Drug Interactions:

Do not use Rosehips without first talking to your practitioner or healthcare provider if you are taking any of the following medications:

  • None indicated


Global Herbal Supplies has Rosehips available in the following forms

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Information given by our website is provided for informational purposes and is not meant to substitute for the advice provided by a physician or other medical professionals. You should not use the information given for diagnosing a health problem or disease. If you have or suspect that you have a medical problem, promptly contact your health care provider. The above information is just a guide to general circumstances and in no way should it contradict the advice that you have been given by your naturopath, medical doctor or specialist.

Global Herbal Supplies Pty Ltd 1997 - 2009
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